VISIT PAPUA TRIBES OF IRIAN JAYA INDONESIA
Irian Jaya is a hot, humid island rising from the sea with some of the most impenetrable jungles in the world and yet also has snowcaps covering 5,000 meter-high mountain peaks, towering over glacier lakes.Irian Jaya is Indonesia’s largest and easternmost province and covers the western half of the world’s second largest island. It is a land of exceptional natural grandeur, with beautiful scenic beaches, immense stretches of marshlands,cool grassy meadows and powerful rivers carving gorges and tunnels through dark and dense primeval forests. The most heavily populated and cultivated parts of the island are the Paniai Lakes district and the Baliem Valley to the east.
THE PEOPLE, THE WAY OF LIVE
The indigenous people of West Papua (Irian Jaya) are Melanesians with black skin and curly hair. They generally have a root crop subsistence agriculture based on sweet potatoes and taros. People in the region obtain their starches from sago palm which gives an extremely generous yield for a remarkably little effort. Feral and domesticated pigs on the island of Irian Jaya from Southeast Asia was an event which has had vast cultural and ritual significance for its people. The pig's are often treated as members of the family and sometimes suckled by women.
While many other people of the world were still hunting and gathering, Irian people had begun gardening. After fairly recently, many of them lived within simple Stone Age culture wearing little clothing and decorating their bodies with paintings, shells, pig tusks, feathers, and skins. Some of the more remote groups still have virtually no contact with the outside world.
FLORA AND FAUNA
Papua Island may have the richest wildlife and concentration of plant life in all of Indonesia Archipelago, or perhaps the world. No others islands in the archipelago can match its various kind of bird, including birds of paradise, parrot families, pigeons and flightless cassowary. Irian jaya is also home of 150 species of lizards, 30,000 beetles, 200 frog and 800 spiders. A high percentage of Papua's 100 snake spices are poisonous, including all 17 spices of sea-snakes. One of the most beautiful reptiles is the green tree pytho, a harmless creature with jewel like markings. There are altogether some 2,700 species of orchids found in Irian jaya, 600 species that are medicinal importance and over 124 endemic genera. The lush vegetation of Papua is in fast a deceptive cover over poor soils badly leached by heavy rains and containing no rich volcanic material. Mangroves and nipa palm ensnare the brackish estuaries of the coast.
Our various itinerary are designed to take you visiting Papua tribes in Baliem Valley, Asmat, and Korowai. We do trekking from village to village, meet them at work, stay at their local house to have a real feeling of the adventure. And, not to forget is the pig feast and war dance attraction held by the cheif of the tribe.
One of the most visited area in the Irian Jaya or West Papua region is the Baliem Valley or the Dani Tribe. High up in the mountains of central Papua at an altitude of 1,600 meters above sea level, hemmed in by steep green mountain walls, lies the stunningly beautiful Baliem valley, home of the Dani tribe
The legendary Baliem Valley is the most popular and most accessible destination in Papua's interior. The Dani people who live here were still dependent on tools of stone, bone and wood when a natural-history expedition led by American Richard Archbold chanced upon the valley in 1938. The Dani have since adopted various modern ways and new beliefs, but the valley and surrounding highlands remain one of the world’s last fascinatingly traditional areas. Read More...